Load securing for freight forwarders

Load securing for freight forwarders

The task of freight forwarders is to transport loads from A to B - safely and reliably. So there is no question that load securing is a high priority for freight forwarders. After all, transport damage not only means trouble with broken goods, but also a direct threat to the core business. But what means can be used to ensure optimum load securing?

Shape-locked and force-linked load securing

Load securing can be divided into two main categories. With shape-locked load securing, the loading area is fully utilized in order to avoid empty spaces. This ensures that the load remains securely in position and cannot slip or even fall over. As the load usually does not fill the loading area perfectly, dunnage bags or other separators are often used to achieve a form-fit load. Shape-locked load securing works best with entire truckloads of the same goods.

In general cargo transport, it is more difficult to fully utilize the loading area. If there are many different items of cargo and load units, force-linked load securing is the best solution. Here, the load is secured to the loading area by various means to prevent it from slipping. Lashing straps, nets, tarpaulins and chains are used here. The required pre-tensioning force must always be determined in accordance with VDI 2700 to ensure that the goods are correctly lashed down.


Of course, the load and its securing on the pallet also have an influence on the success of load securing. Different types of goods behave completely differently in traffic situations.

securing loads on pallets

 It is therefore extremely important to secure goods properly on the pallet. All aspects of the packaging have an influence that should not be underestimated, from the cardboard packaging to the wrapping of the pallet. The cardboard packaging must be designed for the type of goods and the goods in the cardboard packaging must be adequately padded.

 Attention must also be paid to a balanced, stable palletization. Especially the stretch wrapping many freight forwarders use is often not sufficient 

In most cases, more can be achieved with less material if a few basic points are observed and implemented.

If the film is fully stretched before use, for example, not only is consumption minimized, but the load is also optimally secured on the pallet, as the film no longer yields under pressure. The best way to determine whether goods on a pallet are adequately secured is to carry out a dynamic test in accordance with one of the current standards (EUMOS 40509 and DIN 55415), as this simulates the forces that act on the pallet during transportation.


Although many people immediately think of lashing straps and the like when it comes to securing loads, other factors also have a significant influence on transport safety. The correct packing and cushioning of goods in the right boxes and the optimum use of stretch film to wrap the pallets, combined with correct, form-fit or force-fit load securing, lead to safe transportation. We will be happy to advise you on all aspects of transport packaging and thus optimize not only the safety of your shipments, but also your material consumption and therefore your costs. Get in touch with us now.